Table 2

Odds ratios (OR)2-150 for suboptimal health, by alcoholic beverage preference, sex and age: Spain, 1993

Preference Total OR
(95% CI)
Men OR
(95% CI)
Women OR
(95% CI)
16–44 years OR
(95% CI)
45 years and over
OR (95% CI)
Wine1.001.001.001.001.00
Beer1.04 (0.92, 1.18)0.98 (0.82, 1.16)1.08 (0.90, 1.30)1.05 (0.89, 1.25)0.95 (0.78, 1.16)
Spirits1.08 (0.95, 1.23)1.01 (0.85, 1.21)1.16 (0.95, 1.42)1.11 (0.93, 1.32)0.97 (0.78, 1.20)
No preference1.11 (0.90, 1.37)1.13 (0.87, 1.45)0.99 (0.64, 1.48)1.38 (1.05, 1.79)0.73 (0.50, 1.03)
Abstainers1.28 (1.16, 1.40)1.35 (1.17, 1.55)1.17 (1.03, 1.33)1.17 (1.01, 1.36)1.33 (1.18, 1.49)
  • 2-150 Adjusted for age and sex (where appropriate), presence of chronic disease, civil status, social support, educational level, tobacco consumption, physical activity during work hours, physical activity during leisure time, job status, region of residence, size of town or city and total alcohol consumption.