Table 5

All cause and cause specific mortality according to the sum of perceived stress at first and second screening

Perceived stress Adjusted for age Adjusted for age and occupational class Adjusted, for age, occupational class and risk factors5-150 Adjusted for age, occupational class, risk factors and reporting tendency
All causeHigh0.92 (0.76, 1.11)1.00 (0.83, 1.23)0.98 (0.81, 1.19)1.00 (0.82, 1.22)
(642 deaths)Medium0.93 (0.77, 1.11)1.00 (0.82, 1.20)0.98 (0.81, 1.19)0.99 (0.82, 1.20)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.380.930.850.98
All cardiovascularHigh1.02 (0.79, 1.33)1.13 (0.85, 1.47)1.12 (0.85, 1.46)1.16 (0.88, 1.53)
(335 deaths)Medium1.02 (0.79, 1.33)1.11 (0.85, 1.44)1.10 (0.84, 1.43)1.11 (0.85, 1.45)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.860.360.420.28
Coronary heart diseaseHigh1.00 (0.75, 1.36)1.11 (0.82, 1.51)1.11 (0.82, 1.51)1.16 (0.84, 1.58)
(258 deaths)Medium0.99 (0.73, 1.33)1.07 (0.79, 1.44)1.07 (0.79, 1.44)1.08 (0.80, 1.46)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.970.510.500.36
Smoking related cancersHigh0.69 (0.44, 1.09)0.78 (0.50, 1.24)0.76 (0.48, 1.20)0.76 (0.48, 1.21)
(126 deaths)Medium0.91 (0.61, 1.37)1.00 (0.67, 1.52)0.99 (0.65, 1.50)0.97 (0.64, 1.47)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.120.320.260.25
Other cancersHigh0.90 (0.53, 1.52)0.90 (0.53, 1.55)0.90 (0.52, 1.54)0.91 (0.52, 1.57)
(89 deaths)Medium1.09 (0.67, 1.78)1.10 (0.66, 1.81)1.10 (0.67, 1.83)1.11 (0.67, 1.84)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.710.730.710.73
StrokeHigh1.63 (0.77, 3.46)1.67 (0.77, 3.60)1.55 (0.72, 3.34)1.64 (0.75, 3.58)
(42 deaths)Medium1.35 (0.62, 2.92)1.37 (0.63, 3.02)1.35 (0.62, 2.96)1.37 (0.63, 3.02)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.200.190.270.21
RespiratoryHigh0.97 (0.50, 1.88)1.05 (0.53, 2.06)0.87 (0.44, 1.70)0.91 (0.46, 1.81)
(45 deaths)Medium0.52 (0.24, 1.14)0.55 (0.25, 1.23)0.54 (0.24, 1.20)0.55 (0.25, 1.24)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.850.960.640.77
Alcohol relatedHigh0.96 (0.46, 2.25)1.01 (0.45, 2.24)0.97 (0.43, 2.16)1.05 (0.46, 2.39)
(37 deaths)Medium0.83 (0.38, 1.84)0.87 (0.39, 1.94)0.83 (0.37, 1.86)0.85 (0.38, 1.92)
Low1.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.910.980.930.92
  • 5-150 Cigarettes smoked daily, ex, current, never smokers, alcohol consumption (0, >0–15, >15 units weekly), hours of exercise weekly, diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg), body mass index (kg/m2), FEV1%.