Table 4

Relative risk of mortality (95% CI) associated with perceived stress at first screening

Perceived stress Adjusted for age Adjusted for age and occupational class Adjusted for age and all markers of social position4-150 Adjusted, for age, social position, and risk factors4-151 Adjusted for age, social position, risk factors and reporting tendency
All causeHigh0.88 (0.75, 1.03)0.95 (0.81, 1.12)0.95 (0.81, 1.12)0.94 (0.80, 1.11)0.97 (0.83, 1.15)
(1528 deaths)Medium0.85 (0.76, 0.94)0.93 (0.83, 1.04)0.94 (0.84, 1.05)0.93 (0.83, 1.05)0.95 (0.84, 1.06)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.0200.340.380.330.55
All cardiovascularHigh0.84 (0.67, 1.05)0.90 (0.72, 1.13)0.90 (0.72, 1.13)0.92 (0.73, 1.16)0.94 (0.74, 1.18)
(785 deaths)Medium0.83 (0.71, 0.97)0.91 (0.78, 1.06)0.92 (0.79, 1.07)0.92 (0.79, 1.08)0.93 (0.79, 1.09)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.0370.260.280.360.44
Coronary heart diseaseHigh0.86 (0.67, 1.12)0.93 (0.71, 1.21)0.93 (0.71, 1.21)0.96 (0.74, 1.25)0.97 (0.74, 1.27)
(590 deaths)Medium0.86 (0.72, 1.03)0.94 (0.79, 1.13)0.95 (0.79, 1.14)0.97 (0.81, 1.16)0.97 (0.81, 1.17)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.140.500.520.720.78
Smoking related cancersHigh0.64 (0.42, 0.96)0.71 (0.47, 1.08)0.71 (0.47, 1.08)0.66 (0.44, 1.01)0.69 (0.45, 1.06)
(269 deaths)Medium0.79 (0.61, 1.02)0.91 (0.70, 1.18)0.91 (0.70, 1.19)0.89 (0.69, 1.16)0.90 (0.69, 1.18)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.0160.130.130.060.10
Other cancersHigh0.91 (0.59, 1.40)0.91 (0.59, 1.40)0.93 (0.60, 1.44)0.94 (0.61, 1.46)1.00 (0.64, 1.56)
(221 deaths)Medium0.93 (0.70, 1.25)0.93 (0.69, 1.25)0.94 (0.70, 1.27)0.94 (0.70, 1.27)0.96 (0.71, 1.30)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.610.600.700.730.93
StrokeHigh0.85 (0.49, 1.48)0.90 (0.52, 1.58)0.92 (0.52, 1.60)0.94 (0.54, 1.65)0.98 (0.55, 1.72)
(122 deaths)Medium0.75 (0.51, 1.10)0.80 (0.54, 1.19)0.81 (0.55, 1.20)0.81 (0.54, 1.21)0.82 (0.55, 1.23)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.320.510.540.590.68
Alcohol relatedHigh1.13 (0.63, 2.01)1.29 (0.72, 2.31)1.26 (0.71, 2.26)1.22 (0.68, 2.20)1.30 (0.72, 2.35)
(105 deaths)Medium0.86 (0.56, 1.32)1.01 (0.65, 1.56)1.01 (0.65, 1.55)0.97 (0.63, 1.51)1.00 (0.64, 1.54)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.910.510.540.590.68
RespiratoryHigh1.23 (0.69, 2.22)1.39 (0.77, 2.50)1.36 (0.75, 2.45)1.22 (0.67, 2.22)1.38 (0.75, 2.53)
(100 deaths)Medium0.94 (0.61, 1.46)1.09 (0.69, 1.71)1.11 (0.71, 1.74)0.96 (0.61, 1.52)0.99 (0.63, 1.56)
Low1.001.001.001.001.00
p for trend0.620.310.330.610.40
  • 4-150 Current occupational class, occupational class of first employment, father's occupational class, car ownership, deprivation category of area of residence.

  • 4-151 Cigarettes smoked daily, ex, current, never smokers, age at initiation of smoking, inhalation, alcohol consumption (0, >0–15, >15 units weekly), hours of exercise weekly, diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg), plasma cholesterol (mmol/l), body mass index (kg/m2), FEV1%.