Table 3

Number of death, relative death rates (RR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for female and male smokers by amount smoked for selected causes of death with never smokers as reference group3-150

Number of cigarettes smoked per dayTest for trend 3-151
1–78–1516–25>25
NumberRRCINumberRRCINumberRRCINumberRRCI
Cancer of the upper aerodigestive sites
Women 61.720.72, 4.1052.900.36, 23.5000.13
Men 92.381.06, 5.3282.240.96, 5.24156.843.33, 14.112.480.32, 19.0<0.0001
Cancer of the liver and biliary passages
Women 130.930.52, 1.6580.970.47, 2.0110.520.07, 3.7300.57
Men 91.260.61, 2.63142.401.27, 4.55144.252.21, 8.2035.091.52, 17.0<0.0001
Cancer of the pancreas
Women 242.051.31, 3.2071.060.49, 2.3131.960.61, 6.2500.081
Men 182.351.34, 4.12182.871.61, 5.10154.072.18, 7.6046.442.25, 18.5<0.0001
Cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung
Women 292.771.81, 4.24447.314.98, 10.71610.66.09, 18.4223.65.70, 97.3<0.0001
Men 233.151.86, 5.336810.87.14, 16.47120.613.5, 31.41525.813.9, 48.1<0.0001
Cancer of the bladder
Women 20.520.13, 2.1642.050.72, 5.8724.180.98, 17.9141.65.31, 3270.028
Men 71.430.61, 3.32123.111.53, 6.3362.711.08, 6.8000.0093
Ischaemic heart disease
Women 2891.471.30, 1.661531.691.43, 2.00462.241.67, 3.0132.060.66, 6.39<0.0001
Men 3931.241.11, 1.383541.521.35, 1.712101.701.46, 1.97422.011.48, 2.74<0.0001
All cerebrovascular disease
Women 940.990.80, 1.22551.260.95, 1.6560.590.26, 1.3100.82
Men 860.920.73, 1.16691.050.81, 1.36341.000.70, 1.4281.430.71, 2.900.71
Aortic aneurysm
Women 122.541.34, 4.80156.143.35, 11.300<0.0001
Men 162.581.41, 4.71204.202.36, 7.46103.761.80, 7.8612.150.29, 16.0<0.0001
Bronchitis and emphysema
Women 183.802.20, 6.573111.87.36, 18.91016.17.98, 32.60<0.0001
Men 193.301.86, 5.85368.465.15, 13.93215.99.34, 30.038.392.52, 28.0<0.0001
Peptic ulcer
Women 102.391.21, 4.7442.000.71, 5.6412.270.31, 16.800.050
Men 121.800.92, 3.50101.980.96, 4.1283.201.42, 7.2023.640.85, 15.60.0017
Cirrhosis of the liver
Women 40.830.29, 2.3661.980.81, 4.8311.420.19, 10.600.31
Men 50.840.32, 2.18101.550.74, 3.24112.511.22, 5.1634.001.19, 13.50.0046
Accidents, suicide and violence
Women 351.240.86, 1.77271.651.10, 2.49112.761.49, 5.1000.0008
Men 441.190.85, 1.65531.581.16, 2.16301.521.02, 2.2651.650.67, 4.030.0019
All cause mortality
Women 9261.241.15, 1.325831.561.43, 1.701531.731.47, 2.04111.901.05, 3.43<0.0001
Men 9931.151.08, 1.249441.461.36, 1.566271.811.66, 1.971091.841.52, 2.23<0.0001
  • 3-150 All rates are standardised for age and place of residence.

  • 3-151 Test for linear trend between smokers of 1–7, 8–15, 16–25, and >25 cigarettes per day in 1963.