Table 4

The elderly's self assessed health as predictors of functional decline and mortality by gender

Self assessed healthFunctional declineMortality§
General health
Global health
 Very good1.391.120.941.08
 Fair/poor2.85*** 1.111.25 1.23
Taking care of health
 Very good1.011.31* 1.45** 1.01
 Good1.091.241.63*** 1.02
 Fair/poor1.092.37*** 1.260.91
Worry over health
 Not at all1.
 Hardly any0.961.090.81* 0.89
 Great deal0.931.171.050.81
Control over future health
 A great deal1.
 Some control1.251.030.981.00
 None/very little0.831.231.111.02
Physical health
Physical activity relative to peers
 A lot more active1.
 More active0.851.051.030.99
 About as active1.061.41** 1.171.18
 Less active2.71** 1.221.60** 1.40**
Getting exercise
 As much as needed1.
 Less than needed1.
Mental health
Trouble remembering things
 Rarely0.810.860.82 1.02
 Sometimes/frequently0.850.940.78*** 0.94
Frequency getting confused
 Rarely1.090.921.17 1.07
 Sometimes/frequently1.41 1.34* 0.84 1.08
  • Adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, functioning, disease/conditions, and use of services (see tables 2 and 3) as well as for each of the self assessed health measures. Adjusted odds ratios. Change in disability level (none, IADLs only, 1-2 ADLs, 3-5 ADLs) between 1984 and 1990 coded as 0=no change/improvement, 1=deterioration. §Adjusted hazard ratios. p<0.1, *p<0.05,**p<0.01, ***p<0.001.