Table 1

Neighbourhood variables and definitions, 1990 US Census Tract level data

Socioeconomic status
Family incomemedian income for all households
Povertyproportion of persons whose annual income falls at or below 175% of the poverty line
Educationproportion of persons 25 years and over with less than a high school graduate education
Housing valuemedian value of owner occupied housing units
Crowded housingproportion of households with more than one person per room
Blue collarproportion of employed persons in service occupations, farming and fishing occupations, precision production, craft and repair occupations, and operators, fabricators, and labourers
Racial/ethnic concentration
Blackproportion of all persons who are black
Hispanicproportion of all persons who are Hispanic
Residential stability
Mobilityproportion of persons ages 5 and older who lived in the same house for past five years
Unemploymentproportion of persons ages 16 and over who are unemployed
Housing tenureproportion of occupied housing units that are rented
Family structure
Female headshipproportion of families headed by women
Poor female headshipproportion of poor families which are headed by women
Divorcedproportion of persons ages 15 and over who are divorced or separated
Multi-unit housingproportion of housing units with five or more units in structure
Urbanresidence in an urban census tract