Table 2

Associations between personal and environmental characteristics and nature of injury after a fall from play equipment

VariableNumber of cases2-150Nature of injury (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)p Value
n%Other (n=312)Fracture/ head injury (n=618)
Type of surface<0.01
 Grass24826.725.075.01.74 (1.21, 2.52)
 Other26028.032.767.31.30 (0.93, 1.81)
Type of playground0.64
 School10911.726.673.41.18 (0.71, 1.90)
 Daycare283.046.453.61.06 (0.54, 2.08)
 Residential22824.525.075.01.69 (1.15, 2.47)§
 Others464.932.667.40.76 (0.33, 1.66)
Type of equipment0.81
 Climber19020.431.668.41.11 (0.68, 1.80)
 Module25327.236.463.60.96 (0.61, 1.52)
 Slide16017.237.562.51.20 (0.73, 1.96)
 Others15116.231.868.20.92 (0.55,1.52)
Accident's location <0.01
 Island of Montreal55659.859.940.1Ref
 Elsewhere37440.223.876.21.85 (1.35, 2.50)
 No33435.927.872.21.23 (0.89, 1.69)
Age (y)
 5–944147.426.873.21.99 (1.47, 2.74)
 10–1413814.834.865.21.59 (1.01, 2.39)
 Female42645.834.365.70.89 (0.67, 1.19)
Playground use0.07
 Frequently69474.636.563.50.72 (0.51, 1.02)
  • 2-150 Totals may vary because of missing data. Adjusted odds ratios (ORa) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by the logistic regression model with nature of injury as the dependent variable. The final model includes the following independent variables: type of surface, age, location of the accident, month, number of medical visits for an injury per year, playgrounds' utilisation. Mothers' educational level, mother's tongue, sex, number of children in the family, year of accident, type of equipment, supervision, and type of playground were not kept in the final model. Ref indicates the reference category used to calculate the ORa. §Surface and type of playground were highly correlated. ORa was calculated in removing surface. Proxy for the proximity from the hospitals.