Table 1

Descriptive characteristics of minority and white women aged 40 and older

Variable Overall (n=2922) White (n=774) Black (n=749) Native (n=739) Hispanic (n=660)
Mean (SD) age56.1 (11.8)57.3 (12.4)58.9 (12.8)54.4(10.6)52.8 (10.0)
Married58.863.332.4 61.865.4
Formal education
 <high school22.211.131.433.526.9
 high school30.430.629.730.630.2
 >high school47.458.338.935.942.9
Annual income under $25 00043.139.8 71.0 61.5 52.4
Mean (BMI) (SD)27.3 (5.9)25.8 (5.1)29.0 (6.9)29.0(6.1)27.2 (5.4)
Overweight (BMI ⩾27.3)42.931.355.8 57.8 40.2
Currently smoke20.620.425.121.016.3
Exercise past 2 weeks63.469.363.151.3 65.7
Any health insurance84.286.287.882.378.4
Medicaid (of those reporting any coverage)9.15.813.9 13.1 7.8
Arthritis1-150 42.941.051.9 47.431.6
Diabetes1-150 14.610.723.7 16.2 15.1
Hypertension1-150 31.628.047.1 33.224.8
Cholesterol1-150 26.629.623.426.320.8
Heart disease1-150 12.011.515.412.78.5
Cancer1-150 6.98.84.65.56.1
Depression1-150 18.216.817.620.618.8
  • 1-150 Told by a doctor she had this medical condition.χ2 for trend p<0.001 comparing each group of minority women with white women. χ2 ort test p⩽0.01 compared with white women. Data shown as percentages apart from mean age and mean BMI.