298 e-Letters

  • Early life social conditions and adult cancers: a fundamental research question
    Michelle Kelly-Irving

    We commend the authors for taking the hypothesis that cancer may have its roots in early life social conditions seriously [1]. Social inequalities exist for many cancer types and are usually attributed to differences in lifestyles and behaviours. Thus, attempts at primary prevention are often confined to relatively proximal disease risk factors at the individual level.

    Cancer development has mainly been conside...

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  • Measuring the impact of green space interventions in deprived neighbourhoods on physical activity and health
    Karine Bernard

    Droomers et al. examined the association between green space interventions in Dutch deprived neighborhoods and short-term impacts on physical activity (PA) and perceived general health (PGH) among adults. The authors reported an absence of short-term positive effects on PA and health from improvements in green space in deprived neighbourhoods.[1]

    The authors made significant efforts to control for the clusterin...

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  • Response to: Ribeiro, et al. "Where do people live longer and shorter lives? An ecological study of old-age survival across 4404 small areas from 18 European countries"
    Katharine Timpson

    Ribeiro and colleagues' identify high mortality rates at older ages in the post-industrial UK areas of Merseyside and West Central Scotland (WCS). They suggest that poverty and a lack of social cohesion may be part of the explanation for this finding (1). Merseyside and WCS are characterised by wide intra-regional variation in mortality rates compared to other deindustrialised areas across Europe, possibly reflecting grea...

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  • How stakeholder participation could increase inequities. The inverse equity hypothesis lens.
    Ramiro Manzano

    Recent review from Harris et al [1] sets the alternative hypothesis that greater degree of stakeholders participation can produce a contextually valid synthesis. Aware of the importance of stakeholders in healthcare, a null hypothesis may come to mind: Stakeholders increase inequity by biasing synthesis. Let us give you some theoretical framework. Research on public health interventions should include academic researcher...

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  • Options in Breech Delivery: the woman's choice?
    Rachel A Cichosz

    Hehir (2015) gives an interesting account on the current trends in breech delivery and gives discusses several large studies whose findings suggest that differences in mortality between vaginal breech delivery and elective cesarean section are minimal. Considering the down sides of cesarean delivery, such as increased risks during future pregnancies and births, what is the best option for women? And who should make that...

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  • a cup of tea
    Michael E Godfrey

    It appears somewhat bizarre that authorities have ignored a widely consumed source of fluoride from tea although insisting on community water fluoridation (CWF) to reduce dental decay. Notably, black tea in commercial teabags contains significant levels of fluoride. This is especially so when sourced from Kenya with volcanic soils compounded by fluoride from superphosphate fertilisers. Mechanical harvesting then includes...

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  • Potential Challenges to Using Paternal Education as a Proxy for SES
    Dakota J Inglis

    Oksuzyan et al. report an association between race/ethnicity and two subtypes of childhood leukemia: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).1 Accordingly, the researchers suggest that there are genetic, cultural, and environmental factors involved in the etiology of childhood leukaemia [1].

    Importantly, Oksuzyan et al. made a significant effort to examine and control for the poten...

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  • Sleep duration by actigraphy in relation to perceived health among older adults
    Tomoyuki Kawada

    Lauderdale et al. examined the association between perceived fair/poor health and sleep duration by several methods [1]. The authors concluded that U-shaped relationship between sleep duration and prevalence of fair/poor health was observed only with measuring sleep with survey sleep hours and survey calculated sleep time. In contrast, there was no association between long sleep duration and increased prevalence of fair/...

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  • It is important that selecting appropriate reporting guidance
    Xu Tian
    Dear editor, We have read with great interest the meta-analysis submitted by Li and colleagues1, which investigated the association between fish consumption and depression risk. We warmly and greatly congratulate and applaud for their important work. However, an issue existed in this study should be noted. These authors stated that observational study including cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort study was eligible for their...
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  • Stressful psychosocial work and exit from the labour market
    Tomoyuki Kawada

    Hintsa et al. examined the effect of effort, reward and job control on the exit from the labour market by a 6-year follow-up study in workers at the age of 61 years or younger [1]. The author adopted binary logistic regression analysis by adjusting several variables, and concluded that effort-reward imbalance (ERI), effort and job control were significant predictors for exit from the labour market. In contrast, reward wa...

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