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Experience of maternal and paternal adversities in childhood as determinants of self-harm in adolescence and young adulthood
  1. Joonas Pitkänen1,
  2. Hanna Remes1,
  3. Mikko Aaltonen2,
  4. Pekka Martikainen1,3,4
  1. 1Population Research Unit, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  3. 3Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  4. 4Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Joonas Pitkänen, Population Research Unit, Faculty of Social Science, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland; joonas.pitkanen{at}helsinki.fi

Footnotes

  • Contributors JP participated in the conception and design of the study, performed statistical analyses and wrote the first version of the manuscript. HR, MA and PM participated in the conception and design of the study, and read and revised the draft versions of the manuscript. All authors contributed to all sections of manuscript and approved the final version.

  • Funding This study was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant numbers 308247 and 316595).

  • Competing interests All the authors reported grants from Academy of Finland during the conduct of the study.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study has been approved by Statistics Finland Board of Statistical Ethics (TK-53-525-11).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data may be obtained from a third party.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors JP participated in the conception and design of the study, performed statistical analyses and wrote the first version of the manuscript. HR, MA and PM participated in the conception and design of the study, and read and revised the draft versions of the manuscript. All authors contributed to all sections of manuscript and approved the final version.

  • Funding This study was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant numbers 308247 and 316595).

  • Competing interests All the authors reported grants from Academy of Finland during the conduct of the study.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study has been approved by Statistics Finland Board of Statistical Ethics (TK-53-525-11).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data may be obtained from a third party.

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