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Economic fluctuations and long-term trends in depression: a repeated cross-sectional study in Estonia 2004–2016
  1. Mall Leinsalu1,2,
  2. Rainer Reile2,
  3. Andrew Stickley1,3
  1. 1Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden
  2. 2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
  3. 3Department of Preventive Intervention for Psychiatric Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mall Leinsalu, Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change, Södertörn University, 14189 Huddinge, Sweden; mall.leinsalu{at}sh.se

Footnotes

  • Contributors ML contributed to the conception, design, analysis, and interpretation, drafted and critically revised the manuscript. RR and AS contributed to data interpretation, and critically revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The study has received financial support from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond – The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (grant P15-0520:1), and the Estonian Research Council (grant IUT5-1).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors ML contributed to the conception, design, analysis, and interpretation, drafted and critically revised the manuscript. RR and AS contributed to data interpretation, and critically revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The study has received financial support from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond – The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (grant P15-0520:1), and the Estonian Research Council (grant IUT5-1).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.

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