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The impact of a newly-designed resilience enhancing program on parent- and teacher-perceived resilience environment among Health Promoting Schools in Hong Kong
  1. Martin CS Wong1,
  2. Jing Sun2,
  3. Albert Lee1,
  4. Donald Stewart2,
  5. Frances FK Cheng1,
  6. Wing Kan1,
  7. Mandy Ho1
  1. 1 Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong;
  2. 2 Griffith University, Australia
  1. E-mail: drwong_martin{at}


Background: The Health Promoting School (HPS) approach provides a strong foundation to improve students¡¦ overall health, including psychological well-being, which has its roots in resilience. The present study evaluates the effectiveness of a resilience-enhancing program building on the concept of HPS among a Chinese population.

Methodology: All mainstream schools in a socially disadvantaged region of Hong Kong were eligible and stratified random sampling was used to recruit both HPS as intervention schools and non-HPS as control schools. The participants include teachers and parents of grade 3 and 5 primary and grade 1 secondary school students (aged 8, 10 and 12 respectively). Validated surveys were used to assess resilience scores in both groups of schools before and after a series of resilience enhancing activities in HPS and ANOVA was used to compare the score changes between the 2 groups.

Results: Five primary and 4 secondary HPS and 4 primary and 4 secondary non-HPS were recruited, involving 4,918 parents and 602 teachers. Among primary and secondary parents the HPS group did not report a higher score than the non-HPS group. Among secondary teachers, the HPS group showed significantly higher scores than the non-HPS group (p =0.023 to <0.001).

Conclusion: The present study is the first to demonstrate the positive synergistic effect of a newly designed resilience-enhancing intervention program building on concept of HPS in schools among secondary teachers in Hong Kong. It was suggested that future initiatives may involve parent networking and school-family collaboration in fostering an even more resilient school environment.

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