Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Adverse childhood experiences and adult health: the need for stronger study designs to evaluate impact

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Twitter @MikaKivimaki

  • Contributors GDB generated the idea for the editorial, drafted a plan, and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. MK drafted a plan and edited the manuscript.

  • Funding GDB is partially supported by the UK Medical Research Council (MR/P023444/1) and the US National Institute on Aging (1R56AG052519-01; 1R01AG052519-01A1); MK by the UK Medical Research Council, NordForsk (the Nordic Research Programme on Health and Welfare) and the Academy of Finland (311472).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.