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P04 Trends in incidence of ischaemic stroke in people with and without diabetes in ireland 2005–2015
  1. N Bambury1,2,
  2. K O’Neill2,
  3. CM Buckley2,
  4. PM Kearney2
  1. 1Department of Public Health, HSE South, Cork, Ireland
  2. 2School of Public Health, University College Cork, Cor, Ireland


Background Stroke is a leading cause of neurological disability and mortality worldwide1. Diabetes is a risk factor for stroke, conferring up to four times the risk2. We aimed to estimate trends in incidence of ischaemic stroke (IS) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) associated with IS among people with and without diabetes in Ireland from 2005 to 2015.

Methods Data were extracted from the national Hospital Inpatient Enquiry (HIPE) database. Incidence rates (IR) and IHM rates in people with and without diabetes were calculated. Poisson regression models, adjusted for age, were used to calculate the incidence rate ratio (IRR) and trends over time.

Results In males with diabetes there was an average decrease in IR of 1.7% per year (IRR 0.983 (95% CI 0.974–0.991), p<0.001) over the 11 years. In males without diabetes, the IR remained unchanged (IRR 0.998 (95% CI 0.994–1.00), p<0.25). In females, there was an average decrease in IR of 3.3% per year in those with diabetes (IRR 0.967 (95% CI 0.957- 0.976), p<0.001) and 1% per year in those without diabetes (IRR 0.99 (95% CI 0.985–0.994, p<0.001).

The IRR for the association between diabetes and IS was 2.0 (95% CI 1.95–2.06), p<0.001) for males and 2.2 (95% CI 2.12–2.27), p<0.001) for females over the study period. The IRR of IHM is higher in males (IRR 1.81 (1.67–1.97) and females (IRR 2.0 (95% CI 1.84–2.18) with diabetes compared to those without diabetes. Over the 11-years, 8.2% of incident cases were attributable to diabetes.

Conclusion This study provides evidence of the significant contribution of diabetes to IS incidence and mortality in Ireland. Estimates of national trends are necessary to deliver public health interventions targeted at high risk groups.


  1. World Health Organization. The World Bank World Report on Disability. Geneva: WHO; 2011.

  2. Khoury JC, Kleindorfer D, Alwell K, Moomaw CJ, Woo D, Adeoye O, et al. Diabetes mellitus: a risk factor for ischemic stroke in a large biracial population. Stroke. 2013;44(6):1500–4.

  • Time-trends
  • Ischaemic stroke
  • Diabetes

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