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Effects of Superblocks on health and health inequities: a proposed evaluation framework
  1. Roshanak Mehdipanah1,
  2. Ana M Novoa2,3,
  3. Brenda Biaani León-Gómez2,
  4. Maria José López2,3,4,
  5. Laia Palència2,3,4,
  6. Hugo Vasquez2,3,5,
  7. Èlia Díez2,3,4,
  8. Carme Borrell2,3,4,
  9. Katherine Pérez2,3,4
  1. 1 Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
  2. 2 Agència Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3 Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica (IIB) de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
  4. 4 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain
  5. 5 Departamento de Salud Pública, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
  1. Correspondence to Dr Roshanak Mehdipanah, Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; rmehdipa{at}


The following essay outlines the intervention and presents a framework that will serve as a guide in the evaluation of the different effects of the Superblocks. Superblocks consist of amalgamations of blocks throughout the city, with the goal of improving the habitability of public spaces, advancing sustainable mobility, increasing urban green, and promoting residents’ participation and coresponsibility, while ultimately influencing residents’ health and health inequities. The evaluation framework considers the following aspects: the interventions implemented in the Superblock strategy, the changes that occur at neighbourhood and individual level and the population turnover as intermediate factors and finally the health outcomes. Inequity dimensions are also considered.

  • traffic
  • neighbourhood
  • environmental health
  • health inequities

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  • Contributors All authors developed the framework and designed the paper. All authors contributed to the paper and accepted the final version.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.