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Does the ‘inverse equity hypothesis’ explain how both poverty and wealth can be associated with HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa?

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  • Contributors JRH conceived the paper and wrote the first draft. CD extracted data from DHS reports and contributed to the writing. RGW did the mathematical modelling work for the paper.

  • Funding JH was supported by STRIVE, a Research Programme Consortium funded by UKaid from the Department for International Development. STRIVE is a collaboration dedicated to tackling the structural drivers of HIV. RGW is funded by a Medical Research Council (UK) Methodology Research Fellowship (G0802414), the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic (19790.01), and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (21675).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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