Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Does economic environment influence the strength of the positive association between suicide and unemployment?
  1. Peter Dome1,2,
  2. Balazs Kapitany3,
  3. Gabor Faludi1,
  4. Xenia Gonda1,2,
  5. Zoltan Rihmer1,2
  1. 1 Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  2. 2 Laboratory for Suicide Research and Prevention, National Institute of Psychiatry and Addictions, Budapest, Hungary
  3. 3 Demographic Research Institute of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, Budapest, Hungary
  1. Correspondence to Dr Peter Dome, Department of Clinical and Theoretical Mental Health, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Kutvolgyi ut 4 Budapest 1125, Hungary; dome_peter{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

The ongoing economic crisis has spurred researchers to further investigate the positive association between unemployment and suicide.1 Two theories may explain the above association: the ‘causal’ theory (ie, job loss leads to the emergence of factors (eg, depression) that precipitate suicide) and the ‘selection’ theory (ie, subjects who are more prone to commit suicide (eg, suffer from mental illnesses) are also more prone to lose their job).2 ,3 The hypothesis that during economic booms suicide rate (SR) of the unemployed population is higher than it is during times of recession follows from …

View Full Text


  • Contributors PD, ZR and GF conceived the study. BK provided the raw data. PD, BK and XG managed the literature searches and analyses.

  • Competing interests PD and XG are recipients of the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.