Introduction Few empirical studies have investigated the relation between trade and individual weight status.
Methods We used data from a sample of 81 449 adults from 24 low-and-middle-income countries who took part in the World Health Survey, a population-based survey of adults in 2002–2003, to examine the multilevel association between trade [ie, levels of trade, imports, and foreign direct investment (FDI)] and individual-level weight status.
Results The prevalence of underweight ranged from 2.51% (SE=0.85) in Bosnia-Herzegovina to 34.03% (SE=1.05) in India and the prevalence of overweight ranged from 7.74% (SE=0.69) in India to 49.08% (SE=1.98) in Russia. Marital, economic, and health status were among the most important individual-level predictors of weight. At the macro-level, FDI as a percent of GDP was associated with lower odds of underweight relative to normal weight for rural and urban residents, independently of individual-level covariates and country-level GDP and urbanisation. However, among rural men and women, FDI was positively associated with overweight compared to normal weight; a one unit increase in net inflow of FDI as a percent of GDP was associated with a 15% higher odds of overweight relative to normal weight among rural men (OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.26) and women (OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.23).
Conclusion Trade may be associated with individual weight status.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.