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A comparison of coronary heart disease event rates among urban Australian Aboriginal people and a matched non-Aboriginal population
  1. Pamela J Bradshaw1,
  2. Helman S Alfonso2,
  3. Judith Finn1,3,
  4. Julie Owen1,
  5. Peter L Thompson4
  1. 1School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
  2. 2Centre for Health and Ageing, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
  3. 3Centre for Nursing Research, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Western Australia
  4. 4Heart Research Institute of Western Australia (Gairdner Campus), Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Western Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pamela Bradshaw, Research Assistant Professor, School of Population Health M431, University of Western Australia Stirling Highway Crawley, WA 6009, Australia; pbradshaw{at}


Background Age-specific death from cardiovascular disease among Australian Aboriginals is estimated to be four to seven times that of general population, and the major cause of premature death. There is little reliable information on the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD). This study compares CHD event rates in urban-dwelling Aboriginal people and the general population.

Methods The Perth Aboriginal Atherosclerosis Risk Study (PAARS) cohort was assessed at baseline (1998/1999) and 913 participants followed-up to 2006. A comparison group of age-matched, sex-matched and postcode-matched non-Aboriginals (n=3582) were selected from the Perth, Western Australia, Electoral Roll. Electronic record linkage captured prior CHD and first CHD events in both groups. The rates of first CHD events (hospital admission or CHD death) per 1000 person years (PY) and incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated.

Results The event rate for the PAARS population was 14.9 per 1000 PY (95% CI 12.3 to 18.2) versus 2.4 (1.9 to 3.1) for the general population. The IRR was 6.1 (4.5 to 8.4). For Aboriginal men the rate was 15.0 (11.2 to 20.0) versus 3.8 (2.5 to 5.0) per 1000 PY, with age-specific rates being two to five times that of non-Aboriginals. Incidence for Aboriginal women was 15.0 (11.5 to 19.5) versus 1.4 (0.9 to 2.1) with age-specific rates being 8–25 times that of non-Aboriginals.

Conclusions Age and sex-specific CHD event rates in urban Aboriginals far exceeded that of a matched general population. Events occurred at a much younger age among the Aboriginal participants and were equally excessive among men and women.

  • Indigenous health
  • ischaemic heart disease
  • incidence
  • disadvantage
  • aboriginal populations
  • inequalities SI
  • longitudinal studies

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  • Funding Heart Foundation of Australia, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the UWA Human Research Ethics Committee, Western Australian Aboriginal Health Information and Ethics Committee and WA Confidentiality in Health Information Committee.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.