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Maternal smoking during pregnancy and criminal offending among adult offspring
  1. Angela D Paradis1,2,
  2. Garrett M Fitzmaurice3,4,
  3. Karestan C Koenen1,5,
  4. Stephen L Buka2
  1. 1Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  2. 2Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
  3. 3Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  4. 4Laboratory for Psychiatric Biostatistics, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA
  5. 5Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Angela Paradis, Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge Building, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, USA; aparadis{at}hsph.harvard.edu

Footnotes

  • Funding This work was supported by a National Research Service Award (grant number T32 MH17119) from the Harvard Training Program in Psychiatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics; the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute; grant number R01 AG023397-02 from the National Institute on Aging; Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center grant (number P50 CA084719) from the National Institutes of Health; the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; and the National Science Foundation (grant number YR4-CCRP1) to the National Consortium on Violence Research. Dr Koenen is supported by grants K08 MH070627 and MH078928 from the National Institute of Mental Health.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of Brown University and Harvard University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Funding This work was supported by a National Research Service Award (grant number T32 MH17119) from the Harvard Training Program in Psychiatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics; the Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute; grant number R01 AG023397-02 from the National Institute on Aging; Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center grant (number P50 CA084719) from the National Institutes of Health; the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; and the National Science Foundation (grant number YR4-CCRP1) to the National Consortium on Violence Research. Dr Koenen is supported by grants K08 MH070627 and MH078928 from the National Institute of Mental Health.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of Brown University and Harvard University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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