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Socioeconomic status, race and COPD health outcomes
  1. M D Eisner1,2,
  2. P D Blanc1,
  3. T A Omachi3,
  4. E H Yelin4,
  5. S Sidney2,
  6. P P Katz4,
  7. L M Ackerson4,
  8. G Sanchez4,
  9. Irina Tolstykh4,
  10. C Iribarren4
  1. 1Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  2. 2Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California, USA
  3. 3Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  4. 4Institute for Health Policy Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Mark D Eisner, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, M1097, San Francisco, CA 94143-0111, USA; mark.eisner{at}ucsf.edu

Footnotes

  • Funding National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/National Institutes of Health R01HL077618.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the University of California, San Francisco, and Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Funding National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/National Institutes of Health R01HL077618.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the University of California, San Francisco, and Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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