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Socioeconomic status, race and COPD health outcomes

Footnotes

  • Funding National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/National Institutes of Health R01HL077618.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the University of California, San Francisco, and Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Funding National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/National Institutes of Health R01HL077618.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the University of California, San Francisco, and Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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