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Mental health
Early menarche is associated with an increased risk for depressive symptoms in adolescent girls in a UK cohort
  1. C. Joinson1,
  2. J. Heron2,
  3. R. Araya1,
  4. G. Lewis1
  1. 1
    Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
  2. 2
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

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    To examine whether girls experiencing earlier menarche than their peers have higher levels of depressive symptoms in adolescence.


    Longitudinal cohort study.

    Main Outcome Measures

    Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ). High levels of depressive symptoms were defined by scores on the SMFQ at or above 11. Age at onset of menarche was derived from regular questionnaires relating to pubertal development completed when the study children were 8 to 14 …

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