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  1. Glenys Hughes

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    A study from the Netherlands has shown that questionnaire reports are an inexpensive and valid estimate of residential exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among preschool and school children. Between January 2002 and May 2003 the authors visited 335 Dutch households, 347 in Germany, and 354 in Sweden to measure air nicotine concentrations and to administer the questionnaires related to smoking. Urinary cotinine concentrations were compared with questionnaire reported smoking in 307 German children. Air nicotine concentrations increased with increasing questionnaire reported smoking in a dose-response manner; similar results were found for the agreement of urinary cotinine concentrations. (



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