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International cooperation and health. Part 2: making a difference
  1. Martin McKee1,
  2. Anna B Gilmore1,
  3. Nina Schwalbe2
  1. 1European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
  2. 2Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor M McKee
 European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK;


The world is increasingly shaped by powerful global forces, many of which have consequences for human health and the social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health are increasingly determined at a supranational level. As a result, local or national level efforts to influence health determinants can have only a limited impact and it is all too easy for the individual public health practitioner to feel powerless. Yet while public health practitioners, on their own, may indeed be relatively powerless, together they can achieve a great deal. Part 2 of this glossary explores some of the strategies that they can use as they seek to make a difference.

  • globalisation
  • human rights

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  • Funding: AG is funded by the US National Institute of Health to work on tobacco industry documents.

  • Competing interests: MM is a member of the Open Society Institute’s (OSI) public health sub-board and NS was the Director of the Public Health Program at OSI. OSI is committed to building open societies through collaboration between non-governmental organisations, governments, and international organisations. The views expressed cannot be taken as representing any of the organisations they are associated with.