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Ecological perspectives in health research
  1. Lindsay McLaren1,
  2. Penelope Hawe2
  1. 1Centre for Health and Policy Studies, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada
  2. 2International Collaborative Centre for the Study of Social and Physical Environment and Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, University of Calgary, Canada
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr L McLaren
 Centre for Health and Policy Studies, G230, Health Sciences Centre, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary AB, Canada;


An ecological perspective on health emphasises both individual and contextual systems and the interdependent relations between the two. Origins of this approach have emanated from multiple disciplines over the past century or more. This article provides a glossary of perspectives, processes, and settings that pertain to an ecological approach in health research.

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