Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years’ observations on male British doctors
  1. Richard Doll,
  2. Richard Peto,
  3. Jillian Boreham,
  4. Isabelle Sutherland

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

    Objective: To compare the hazards of cigarette smoking in men who formed their habits at different periods, and the extent of the reduction in risk when cigarette smoking is stopped at different ages.

    Design: Prospective study that has continued from 1951 to 2001.

    Setting: United Kingdom.

    Participants: 34 439 male British doctors. Information about their smoking habits was obtained in 1951, and periodically thereafter; cause specific mortality was monitored for 50 years.

    Main …

    View Full Text