STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of long working hours with the risk for hypertension.
DESIGN A five year prospective cohort study.
SETTING Work site in Osaka, Japan.
PARTICIPANTS 941 hypertension free Japanese male white collar workers aged 35–54 years were prospectively examined by serial annual health examinations. Men in whom borderline hypertension and hypertension were found during repeated surveys were defined as incidental cases of borderline hypertension and hypertension.
MAIN RESULTS 336 and 88 men developed hypertension above the borderline level and definite hypertension during the 3940 and 4531 person years, respectively. After controlling for potential predictors of hypertension, the relative risk for hypertension above the borderline level, compared with those who worked < 8.0 hours per day, was 0.63 (95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.43, 0.91) for those who worked 10.0–10.9 hours per day and 0.48 (95% CI: 0.31, 0.74) for those who worked ⩾ 11.0 hours per day. The relative risk for definite hypertension, compared with those who worked < 8.0 hours per day, was 0.33 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.95) for those who worked ⩾ 11.0 hours per day. The multivariate adjusted slopes of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) during five years of follow up decreased as working hours per day increased. From the multiple regression analyses, working hours per day remained as an independent negative factor for the slopes of systolic blood pressure, DBP, and MABP.
CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that long working hours are negatively associated with the risk for hypertension in Japanese male white collar workers.
- longitudinal study
- working hours
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Funding: this study was supported in part by Grand in Aid for the prevention of lifestyle related diseases from the Arteriosclerosis Prevention Association, Tokyo, Japan.
Conflicts of interest: none.