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Educational status is related to mortality at the community level in three areas of Tanzania, 1992–1998
  1. Philip Setela,b,
  2. David Whitinga,b,
  3. Yusuf Hemeda,
  4. K G M M Alberti for the Adult Morbidity and Mortality Team, Tanzanian Ministry of Healthb
  1. aAdult Morbidity and Mortality Project, Tanzanian Ministry of Health, bDepartment of Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  1. Dr Setel, AMMP, PO Box 65243, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (setel.ammp{at}

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Research on health outcomes and socioeconomic status in Africa remains scanty.1 There continues to be a dearth of representative mortality data from developing countries, particularly from sub-Saharan Africa. This lack of information hampers evidence-based planning and an understanding of the relation between relative socioeconomic advantage and health outcomes such as mortality. In the United States, Murray et al 2 have demonstrated the utility of examining mortality data from small geographical areas in relation to socioeoconomic status represented by variables such as ethnicity and education. Here we present data from a large demographic surveillance system in the United Republic of Tanzania demonstrating a strong relation between average years of formal education among adults (as an indicator of social position) and mortality. We use formal education in the adult population as an indicator of …

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  • Funding: This publication is an output of a project of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and implemented in partnership with the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. The views expressed are not necessarily those of DFID.

  • Conflicts of interest: none.