Article Text

This article has a correction. Please see:

Download PDFPDF
Strategies for the prevention of psychiatric disorder in primary care in south London.
  1. S Weich,
  2. G Lewis,
  3. R Churchill,
  4. A Mann
  1. Section of Epidemiology and General Practice, Institute of Psychiatry, London.


    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the potential impact of high risk and population based approaches to the prevention of psychiatric disorder, using a representative sample of general practice attenders as the target population. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: A health centre in south London. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and seven consecutive attenders aged 16-65, recruited at randomly selected general practice surgeries. MAIN RESULTS: A linear association was found between the number of different types of socioeconomic adversity reported at recruitment (T1) and the prevalence of psychiatric disorder one year later (T2). The population attributable fraction (PAF) for socioeconomic adversity at T1 was 37.4%. In theory, social interventions for high risk individuals at T1 would reduce the prevalence of psychiatric disorder at T2 by 9% at most, compared with a reduction of 18% if just one item of socioeconomic adversity were eliminated among those with any socioeconomic risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Social interventions targeted at individuals at highest risk of the most common mental disorders are likely to be extremely limited in their capacity to reduce the prevalence of these conditions. A population based risk reduction strategy, modified according to individual risk, represents a potentially feasible and effective alternative.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

    Linked Articles

    • Correction
      BMJ Publishing Group Ltd