We investigated whether conception soon after cessation of use of oral contraceptives affects the chance of bearing twins. Unpublished data from a large sample survey of contraceptive practice in Scotland were used to derive oral contraceptive discontinuation rates by month over the decade 1972-82 and these were related to estimated monozygotic and dizygotic twin birth rates and proportions by month in Scotland from 1974-82, using regression techniques. The results provide some support for the hypothesis that there is an increased risk of conceiving monozygotic twins within a year of ceasing to use oral contraceptives.
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