Table 3

Association between perceived control and risk of CVD death

MenWomen
Czech RepublicPolandp Value for interaction (2 countries)Czech Republic and Polandp Value for interaction (3 countries)RussiaCzech RepublicPolandp Value for interaction (2 countries)Czech Republic and Polandp Value for interaction (3 countries)Russia
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Model 1
Very high1.001.000.10331.000.00041.001.001.000.35281.00 1.00
High1.24 (0.67 to 2.32)1.34 (0.72 to 2.49)1.32 (0.85 to 2.05)1.22 (0.81 to 1.84)2.54 (0.55 to 11.77)2.37 (1.06 to 5.27)2.32 (1.14 to 4.71)0.52 (0.24 to 1.13)
Moderate1.26 (0.69 to 2.29)2.32 (1.32 to 4.09)1.78 (1.18 to 2.69)1.09 (0.74 to 1.62)4.03 (0.90 to 17.99)1.80 (0.77 to 4.22)2.28 (1.11 to 4.69)0.80 (0.42 to 1.53)
Low2.08 (1.18 to 3.64)3.16 (1.84 to 5.44)2.65 (1.79 to 3.92)1.11 (0.76 to 1.61)5.48 (1.29 to 23.28)2.09 (0.90 to 4.85)2.99 (1.49 to 5.99)0.77 (0.41 to 1.45)
Very low2.30 (1.34 to 3.97)5.33 (3.14 to 9.02)3.63 (2.48 to 5.31)1.52 (1.07 to 2.16)7.66 (1.84 to 31.92)4.59 (2.10 to 10.02)5.20 (2.66 to 10.17)1.37 (0.77 to 2.43)
p Value for trend<0.001<0.001<0.0010.0194<0.001<0.001<0.0010.0144
Model 2
Very high1.001.000.10381.000.00161.001.001.000.47401.00 1.00
High1.00 (0.53 to 1.90)1.21 (0.65 to 2.25)1.13 (0.72 to 1.76)1.17 (0.77 to 1.77)2.36 (0.50 to 11.10)2.25 (1.01 to 5.02)2.17 (1.07 to 4.42)0.52 (0.24 to 1.14)
Moderate0.95 (0.51 to 1.75)1.94 (1.09 to 3.44)1.44 (0.95 to 2.20)1.00 (0.68 to 1.49)2.43 (0.52 to 11.48)1.60 (0.68 to 3.77)1.71 (0.81 to 3.59)0.73 (0.38 to 1.40)
Low1.55 (0.87 to 2.75)2.42 (1.40 to 4.20)2.02 (1.36 to 3.00)1.01 (0.69 to 1.46)4.21 (0.98 to 18.08)1.86 (0.80 to 4.34)2.44 (1.20 to 4.93)0.68 (0.36 to 1.28)
Very low1.48 (0.84 to 2.59)4.04 (2.36 to 6.91)2.57 (1.74 to 3.79)1.19 (0.83 to 1.70)5.31 (1.26 to 22.35)3.86 (1.75 to 8.55)4.06 (2.06 to 8.02)1.15 (0.65 to 2.05)
p Value for trend0.0380<0.001<0.0010.42760.00120.0013<0.0010.0841
Model 3
Very high1.001.000.23021.000.00631.001.001.000.68441.00 1.00
High0.77 (0.37 to 1.61)1.22 (0.60 to 2.49)1.04 (0.62 to 1.72)1.14 (0.75 to 1.73)2.92 (0.34 to 25.07)3.49 (1.18 to 10.35)3.15 (1.20 to 8.31)0.50 (0.24 to 1.14)
Moderate0.87 (0.44 to 1.73)1.78 (0.92 to 3.45)1.35 (0.84 to 2.18)0.98 (0.66 to 1.47)4.23 (0.51 to 35.25)2.93 (0.95 to 9.05)3.03 (1.13 to 8.14)0.66 (0.34 to 1.28)
Low1.18 (0.61 to 2.26)2.60 (1.39 to 4.84)1.93 (1.24 to 3.02)0.94 (0.64 to 1.38)6.00 (0.78 to 46.40)3.12 (1.01 to 9.68)3.71 (1.41 to 9.75)0.64 (0.34 to 1.22)
Very low1.20 (0.64 to 2.25)3.83 (2.07 to 7.06)2.31 (1.48 to 3.59)1.11 (0.77 to 1.59)7.26 (0.96 to 54.67)5.17 (1.74 to 15.39)5.50 (2.14 to 14.13)0.99 (0.55 to 1.77)
p Value for trend0.2066<0.001<0.0010.74880.00690.0057<0.0010.2244
  • Model 1: adjusted for age.

  • Model 2: adjusted for age, education, marital status, occupational status and history of CVD.

  • Model 3: adjusted for age, education, marital status, occupational status, history of CVD, smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes and alcohol intake.

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease.