Table 1

Sample characteristics of participants included in latent growth curve and class analysis

VariableCategoryTotal walking
per cent (N)
Walking for transport per cent (N)Walking for recreation per cent (N)
SiteSouthampton27.5 (340)27.5 (347)27.6 (349)
Cardiff31.7 (391)31.4 (395)31.6 (400)
Kenilworth40.8 (503)41.1 (518)40.8 (517)
SexFemale55.0 (679)55.1 (693)55.3 (700)
Male45.0 (555)44.9 (565)44.7 (566)
Age (years) at baseline18–348.8 (109)8.8 (110)9.0 (113)
35–4919.5 (241)19.4 (244)19.5 (247)
50–6435.4 (437)35.2 (443)35.1 (444)
65–8936.3 (446)36.6 (460)36.4 (461)
EthnicityWhite967 (1193)96.7 (1215)96.7 (1222)
Non-White3.3 (40)3.3 (41)3.3 (42)
Any child under 16 in householdNo85.7 (1057)86.0 (1081)85.8 (1086)
Yes14.3 (177)14.0 (177)14.2 (180)
Highest educational levelTertiary or higher39.9 (492)39.9 (502)39.8 (505)
Secondary school33.4 (412)32.9 (414)32.8 (417)
Lower than secondary26.7 (330)272 (342)27.3 (34)
Annual household income>£40 00032.0 (391)31.8 (396)31.2 (395)
£20 001–40 00033.1 (405)33.6 (419)32.9 (417)
≤£20 00034.9 (426)34.6 (431)35 (442)
Employment StatusWorking/ student50.4 (622)50.2 (632)50.1 (635)
Retired42.2 (521)42.5 (535)42.2 (535)
Home/sick7.4 (91)7.2 (91)7.6 (96)
Any car in householdNo12.3 (151)12.6 (158)12.8 (162)
Yes87.7 (1083)87.4 (1100)87.2 (1104)
Weight statusNormal/underweight48.4 (591)48.7 (605)48.9 (612)
Overweight36.6 (446)36.6 (455)36.5 (457)
Obese15.0 (183)14.7 (183)14.6 (183)
General healthExcellent/good79.5 (983179.8 (1003)79.6 (1007)
Fair/poor20.5 (252)20.2 (253)20.4 (258)
Long-term illness or disability that limits daily activitiesNo74.6 (914)74.6 (933)74.4 (936)
Yes25.4 (312)25.4 (316)25.6 (322)
Proximity to core C2Mean km(SD)2.93 (1.30)2.94 (1.30)2.92 (1.29)
Use of Connect2*No70.0 (862)88.9 (1115)72.2 (911)
Yes30.0 (369)11.1 (140)27.8 (351)
  • Data in each column refer to those who were included in the analyses for total walking, walking for transport and walking for recreation.

  • *Use of Connect2 was matched to the outcome (ie, use of Connect2 for walking for recreation was modelled in the analysis of walking for recreation).