Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study population that participated in the Labour Force Survey in 1991–1994 for the crisis cohort and 1983–1986 for the non-crisis cohort among male and female individuals 17–24 years of age

UnemployedEconomically inactiveUnstable labour force statusFull-time employed
All unemployed
N (%)
<3 months
N (%)
3–6 months
N (%)
>6 months
N (%)
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Crisis (n=6410)
 n2170 (33.9)1220 (19.0)596 (9.3)354 (5.5)1418 (22.1)1124 (17.5)1698 (26.5)
 Sex
  Male1262 (58.2)678 (55.6)351 (58.9)233 (65.8)695 (49.0)376 (33.5)934 (55.0)
  Female908 (41.8)543 (44.4)245 (41.1)121 (34.2)723 (51.0)748 (66.6)764 (45.0)
 Minimum age at first LFS interview*19.6±1.619.5±1.619.7±1.520.0±1.519.0±1.619.3±1.620.4±1.4
 Country of birth
  Sweden2023 (93.2)1138 (93.3)552 (92.6)333 (94.1)1306 (92.1)1061 (94.4)1599 (94.2)
  Other147 (6.8)82 (6.7)44 (7.4)21 (5.9)112 (7.9)63 (5.6)99 (5.8)
 Parental education
  Primary644 (29.7)332 (27.2)199 (33.4)113 (31.9)242 (17.1)255 (22.7)556 (32.7)
  Secondary938 (43.2)495 (40.6)275 (46.1)168 (47.5)460 (32.4)446 (39.7)708 (41.7)
  University and above519 (23.9)354 (29.0)105 (17.6)60 (17.0)651 (45.9)390 (34.7)385 (22.7)
  Missing69 (3.2)39 (3.2)17 (2.9)13 (3.7)65 (4.6)33 (2.9)49 (2.9)
 Parental SEI
  High non-manual306 (14.1)213 (17.5)61 (10.2)32 (9.0)438 (20.9)250 (22.2)249 (14.7)
  Middle non-manual448 (20.7)273 (22.4)108 (18.1)67 (18.9)344 (24.6)275 (24.5)355 (20.9)
  Low non-manual351 (16.2)183 (14.0)107 (18.0)61 (17.2)170 (12.0)168 (15.0)302 (17.8)
  Self-employed/farmer135 (6.2)78 (6.4)39 (6.5)17 (4.8)74 (5.2)88 (7.8)140 (8.2)
  Skilled workers355 (16.4)180 (14.8)114 (19.1)61 (17.2)139 (9.8)139 (12.4)266 (15.6)
  Unskilled workers383 (17.7)193 (15.8)119 (20.0)71 (20.1)121 (8.5)128 (11.4)269 (15.8)
  Others not classified127 (5.9)63 (5.2)32 (5.4)32 (9.0)76 (5.4)43 (3.8)68 (4.0)
  Missing66 (3.0)37 (3.0)16 (2.7)13 (3.7)56 (4.0)33 (2.9)49 (2.9)
 Parents’ mental health234 (10.8)116 (9.5)63 (10.6)55 (15.5)84 (5.9)98 (8.7)153 (9.0)
 Prior own mental diagnosis39 (1.8)20 (1.6)8 (1.3)11 (3.1)33 (2.3)12 (1.1)15 (0.9)
Non-Crisis (n=8162)
 n1770 (21.7)1237 (15.2)367 (4.5)166 (2.0)1359 (16.7)1593 (19.5)3440 (42.1)
 Sex
  Male893 (50.5)630 (50.9)188 (51.2)75 (45.2)701 (51.6)509 (32.0)2057 (59.8)
  Female877 (49.5)607 (49.1)179 (48.8)91 (54.8)658 (48.4)1084 (68.0)1383 (40.2)
 Minimum age at first LFS interview*19.5±1.619.4±1.619.8±1.620.1±1.418.8±1.719.2±1.720.0±1.6
 Country of birth
  Sweden1569 (88.6)1106 (89.4)321 (87.5)142 (85.5)1236 (91.0)1476 (92.7)3244 (93.7)
  Other201 (11.4)131 (10.6)46 (12.5)24 (14.5)123 (9.0)117 (7.3)216 (6.3)
 Parental education
  Primary782 (44.2)518 (41.9)186 (50.7)78 (47.0)343 (25.2)603 (37.9)1628 (47.3)
  Secondary635 (35.9)457 (36.9)122 (33.2)56 (33.7)463 (34.1)545 (34.2)1231 (35.6)
  University and above278 (15.7)216 (17.5)43 (11.7)19 (11.5)501 (36.9)395 (24.8)509 (14.8)
  Missing74 (4.2)46 (3.7)16 (4.4)13 (7.8)52 (3.8)50 (3.1)72 (2.1)
 Parental SEI
  High non-manual151 (8.5)127 (10.3)19 (5.2)5 (3.0)309 (22.7)208 (13.1)278 (8.1)
  Middle non-manual284 (16.1)222 (18.0)41 (11.2)21 (12.7)330 (24.3)322 (20.2)590 (17.2)
  Low non-manual232 (13.1)161 (13.0)52 (14.2)19 (11.5)176 (13.0)225 (14.1)541 (15.2)
  Self-employed/farmer173 (9.8)126 (10.2)36 (9.8)11 (6.6)108 (8.0)190 (11.9)472 (13.7)
  Skilled workers291 (16.4)195 (15.8)68 (18.5)28 (16.9)167 (12.3)235 (14.8)582 (16.9)
  Unskilled workers409 (23.1)259 (20.9)102 (27.8)48 (28.9)150 (11.0)281 (17.6)722 (21.0)
  Others not classified159 (9.0)98 (7.9)37 (10.1)24 (14.5)64 (4.7)82 (5.2)188 (5.6)
  Missing71 (4.0)49 (4.0)12 (3.3)10 (6.0)55 (4.1)50 (3.1)67 (2.0)
 Parents’ mental health218 (12.3)142 (11.5)54 (14.7)22 (13.3)91 (6.7)159 (10.0)327 (9.5)
 Prior own mental diagnosis56 (3.2)32 (2.6)16 (4.4)8 (4.8)30 (2.2)16 (1.0)37 (1.1)
  • *Mean values (with SDs) are presented for these measures.

  • LFS, Labour Force Survey; SEI: socioeconomic index.