Table 3

Association between fruit and vegetable consumption and cancer or CVD-specific mortality

ModelPortions of fruit and vegetables consumed in the previous day HRs (95% CI)
0−<1*1−<33−<55−<77+
Cancer
Number of participants (deaths)10 607 (169)28 805 (485)24 968 (400)13 082 (187)7885 (95)
 Model 1†10.87 (0.75 to 1.02)0.78 (0.66 to 0.92)0.71 (0.58 to 0.86)0.70 (0.55 to 0.90)
 Model 2‡10.89 (0.76 to 1.04)0.81 (0.69 to 0.95)0.75 (0.62 to 0.91)0.75 (0.59 to 0.96)
CVD
Number of participants (deaths)10 607 (189)28 805 (553)24 968 (449)13 082 (208)7885 (83)
 Model 1†10.88 (0.77 to 1.03)0.78 (0.66 to 0.91)0.74 (0.61 to 0.89)0.63 (0.49 to 0.80)
 Model 2‡10.91 (0.78 to 1.05)0.82 (0.70 to 0.95)0.80 (0.66 to 0.96)0.69 (0.53 to 0.88)
  • *Reference category.

  • †Adjusted for age-group, sex, social class, cigarette smoking and BMI.

  • ‡Adjusted for age-group, sex, social class, cigarette smoking, BMI and additionally adjusted for physical activity, education and alcohol intake.

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease.