Table 1

Summary details of housing and community reviews

CitationIntervention(s)Summary of results
Anderson et al17“Social” changes (rent assistance so that low-income families can choose where to live, eg, public/private)Improvements in self-reported health status such as a decrease in depression; improvements in social outcomes including neighbourhood safety and social disorder.
Acevedo-Garcia et al 200418“Social” changes (rent assistance so that low income families can choose where to live, eg, public/private)Improvements reported in terms of overall health, distress and anxiety, depression, problem drinking, substance abuse and exposure to violence.
Chang et al19“Environmental” changes (changes in the housing infrastructure to reduce risk of falls)NS reduction in “at least one fall” (adjusted risk ratio of 0.90 0.77 to 1.05). NS reduction in monthly rate of falling (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.85 0.65 to 1.11).
McClure et al20“Environmental” changes (changes in the housing infrastructure to reduce risk of falls)Significant decreases in some types of fall-related injuries (relative reduction in fall related injuries ranging from 6% to 33%).
Nilsen21“Environmental” changes (changes in the housing infrastructure to reduce injuries)Two studies reported decreases in certain injuries but most of the studies found no decline in rates of any kind of injury.
Thomson et al22“Environmental” changes (rehousing, renovation, updating)Mixed effects on self-reported mental and/or physical health with some studies reporting small improvements and others small negative effects. Improvements found in social outcomes such as perceptions of crime.
Saegert et al23“Environmental” changes (rehousing, renovation, updating)49/72 studies reported a significant improvement in health.
Thomson et al25Area-based urban regenerationImpact of interventions was highly variable with some studies reporting improvements (in mortality), whereas others found deteriorations (in self-reported health).
Hahn et al24Area-based firearms restrictionsFindings were inconsistent with some studies reporting reductions in homicides and suicides, whereas others reported increases.
  • NS, non-significant.