Table 3

 Association between maternal CMD and underweight in children. Crude OR (model 1), OR adjusted for household variables (model 2), additionally adjusted for maternal characteristics (model 3), additionally adjusted for child characteristics (model 4), additionally including variables on causal pathway (model 5)

OR (95% confidence interval)
Model 1 (crude)Model 2Model 3Model 4 (adjusted for all confounders)Model 5
Ethiopia (n = 1723)1.2 (1.0 to 1.4)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)
India (n = 1823)1.3 (1.1 to 1.7)1.2 (1.0 to 1.5)1.2 (0.9 to 1.5)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)
Peru (n = 1949)1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)0.9 (0.7 to 1.2)0.9 (0.7 to 1.2)0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)
Vietnam (n = 1570)1.5 (1.2 to 1.9)1.4 (1.1 to 1.8)1.4 (1.1 to 1.8)1.4 (1.1 to 1.8)1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)