Table 6

Results of regression model: cross country relations with relative excess winter mortality (regression coefficients and significance)

βp Value
Mean winter environmental temperature0.27<0.001
Mean winter precipitation0.230.017
Mean winter relative humidity0.54<0.001
Purchasing power adjusted per capita GDP1.08<0.001
Per capita spend on primary education as a % of per capita GNP0.120.070
Per capita spend on secondary education as a % of per capita GNP−0.270.061
Total health expenditure as a % of per capita GNP0.630.069
Public health expenditure as a % of per capita GNP0.600.001
Private health expenditure as a % of per capita GNP0.900.011
Purchasing power adjusted per capita health expenditure−1.19<0.001
GPs per 1000 population0.59−0.437
Hospital beds per 1000 population−0.230.067
Smoking rate0.400.344
Obesity rate0.300.512
Income poverty rate (60% median equivalised income)−0.470.008
Income inequality (Gini coefficient)0.970.020
Deprivation rate (composite)0.110.048
Fuel poverty rate (composite)0.440.005
Cavity wall insulation (% of housing stock equipped)−2.560.022
Roof insulation (% of housing stock equipped)1.360.110
Floor insulation (% of housing stock equipped)1.010.029
Double glazed windows (% of housing stock equipped)−0.310.024