Table 1

Coefficient of seasonal variation in mortality (CSVM) in EU-14 (mean, 1988–97)

CSVM95% CI
Austria0.14(0.12 to 0.16)
Belgium0.13(0.09 to 0.17)
Denmark0.12(0.10 to 0.14)
Finland0.10(0.07 to 0.13)
France0.13(0.11 to 0.15)
Germany0.11(0.09 to 0.13)
Greece0.18(0.15 to 0.21)
Ireland0.21(0.18 to 0.24)
Italy0.16(0.14 to 0.18)
Luxembourg0.12(0.08 to 0.16)
Netherlands0.11(0.09 to 0.13)
Portugal0.28(0.25 to 0.31)
Spain0.21(0.19 to 0.23)
UK0.18(0.16 to 0.20)
Mean 0.16 (0.14 to 0.18)