Table 2

The presence of four chronic diseases: associations with levels and changes of disability

Repeated prevalence model2-150Longitudinal change model2-151
CoefficientStandard errorOverall p valueCoefficientStandard errorOverall p value
Asthma/COPD<0.0010.036
 Severe2-152versus no0.9220.2580.1320.045
Heart disease<0.0010.083
 Severe2-153 versus no3.0140.4760.0990.068
Diabetes mellitus0.1100.002
 Severe2-154 versus no1.0440.4840.2810.076
Low back pain<0.0010.653
 Severe2-155 versus no2.1440.340−0.0290.052
  • 2-150 Adjusted for age, gender and other chronic disease by severity category in 1991, and year of measurement (1991–1997).

  • 2-151 Adjusted for age, gender and other chronic disease by severity category in 1991, year of measurement (1991–1997), and the interactions between the determinant of interest and age and between age and year of measurement.

  • 2-152 Asthma/COPD grade 3.

  • 2-153 Angina pectoris with heart failure.

  • 2-154 Diabetes mellitus with at least one complication.

  • 2-155 Low back pain, with radiation, at least three months.