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Explaining time changes in oral health-related quality of life in England: a decomposition analysis
  1. Georgios Tsakos1,
  2. Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño1,2,
  3. Rhiannon O’Connor3,
  4. John Wildman4,
  5. Jimmy G Steele3,
  6. Patrick Finbarr Allen5
  1. 1Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
  2. 2Departamento de Salud Colectiva, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
  3. 3School of Dental Sciences and Centre for Oral Health Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  4. 4Economics, Newcastle Business School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  5. 5NUS Faculty of Dentistry and University Dental Cluster, NUH National University of Singapore, Singapore
  1. Correspondence to Dr Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK; c.guarnizo-herreno.11{at}ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Background Oral diseases are highly prevalent and impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, time changes in OHRQoL have been scarcely investigated in the current context of general improvement in clinical oral health. This study aims to examine changes in OHRQoL between 1998 and 2009 among adults in England, and to analyse the contribution of demographics, socioeconomic characteristics and clinical oral health measures.

Methods Using data from two nationally representative surveys in England, we assessed changes in the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), in both the sample overall (n=12 027) and by quasi-cohorts. We calculated the prevalence and extent of oral impacts and summary OHIP-14 scores. An Oaxaca-Blinder type decomposition analysis was used to assess the contribution of demographics (age, gender, marital status), socioeconomic position (education, occupation) and clinical measures (presence of decay, number of missing teeth, having advanced periodontitis).

Results There were significant improvements in OHRQoL, predominantly among those that experienced oral impacts occasionally, but no difference in the proportion with frequent oral impacts. The decomposition model showed that 43% (–4.07/–9.47) of the decrease in prevalence of oral impacts reported occasionally or more often was accounted by the model explanatory variables. Improvements in clinical oral health and the effect of ageing itself accounted for most of the explained change in OHRQoL, but the effect of these factors varied substantially across the lifecourse and quasi-cohorts.

Conclusions These decomposition findings indicate that broader determinants could be primarily targeted to influence OHRQoL in different age groups or across different adult cohorts.

  • epidemiology
  • quality of life
  • oral health

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Footnotes

  • Contributors GT, JS and PFA conceived the study. GT, JS, PFA, ROC and CGH developed the analysis strategy. CGH carried out the analyses. GT, JS, PFA, ROC, JW and CGH collectively interpreted the findings and drafted the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The ADHS 1998 was approved by the North Thames Multi-Centre Research Ethics Committee, and the ADHS 2009 by the Oxford B Research Ethics Committee. For this specific analysis, no protocol approval was necessary because we obtained data from secondary sources. The data used were already anonymised.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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