Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Hookworm in Rural Spain, 1910-1960: Shifting Paradigms around the Civil War
  1. Esteban Rodriguez-Ocaña,
  2. Alfredo Menendez-Navarro
  1. University of Granada, Spain
  1. E-mail: amenende{at}ugr.es

Abstract

In Spain, hookworm infection was first recognised as a miners’ disease at the beginning of the 20th century, leading to the adoption of legislative and public health measures. From 1924, surface foci were also detected in some highly productive agricultural lands, and specific health campaigns were developed in Murcia to match the successful intervention in mines. Hookworm was explained in terms of the geographical and human environment and largely attributed to poor working and living conditions. New rural foci were detected after the Civil War (1936-39), but this time the health administration did not intervene, due to economic shortages or because of the leading role taken by the Institute for Colonial Medicine in this field. Understanding of the disease changed, with a new emphasis on its impact on reproduction, and medical explanations pointed to the negative moral conditions of peasants rather than social issues.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.