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Cardiovascular risk factors among Brazilian Karib indigenous. Upper-Xingu, Central Brazil, 2000-2003.
  1. Suely G A Gimeno,
  2. Douglas Rodrigues,
  3. Eduardo N Can&oacute,
  4. Evandro E S Lima,
  5. Marcos Shaper,
  6. Heloisa Pagliaro,
  7. Manuel M Lafer,
  8. Roberto G Baruzzi
  1. UNIFESP, Brazil
  1. E-mail: sgag{at}


Background and aims: Brazil has more than 200 indigenous peoples with 170 different languages that result in different epidemiological and demographic situations. The objective of this study was to describe the nutritional and metabolic profile of the adults Karib indigenous peoples, inhabitants of Upper Xingu region, as well as to evaluate their possible effects on their cardiovascular health.

Methods: In 2002, the Karib population was composed of 1091 individuals, 390 of whom (36.4%) were 20 years of age or older. This study was based on results of 251 adult individuals (64.4%). Chi-square statistics was used to evaluate the possible relationship between chronic diseases and tribe, gender and age. Anova was used to compare the average values of the biomedical variables of the individuals according to tribe and gender.

Results: Prevalence of main risk factors detected was: 39.3% overweight and 6.8% obese, mainly among male (60.4%), 41.8% for central obesity mainly among females (66.7%), 68% for dyslipidemia and 15.4% for blood pressure alterations mainly among males (24.7%). Overall percentages were higher than in the non-indigenous Brazilian population. The percentage of individuals presenting simultaneously at least, two cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) (29%) was also remarkable.

Conclusion: These findings emphasize the need to implement preventive health measures to control obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors in indigenous peoples.

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