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Ebola, viewed through a lens of African epidemiology
  1. Musa Abubakar Kana1,2,
  2. Olufunmilayo Y Elegba3,
  3. Jackie Obey4,
  4. Faina Linkov5,
  5. Eugene Shubnikov6
  1. 1Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  2. 2EPI Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  3. 3Department of Medical Microbiology, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
  4. 4Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Eldoret, Kenya
  5. 5Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
  6. 6Institute of Internal Medicine, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk, Russia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Musa Abubakar Kana, Faculty of Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna 96001, Nigeria; musakana77{at}yahoo.com

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An educational intervention to minimise fear during the 2014 Ebola outbreak

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, highly infectious and often rapidly fatal zoonotic disease that was first described almost 40 years ago, which, to date, has no specific treatment, and vaccine trials have not been conclusive.1 The unprecedented Ebola outbreak in West Africa began suddenly in early 2014 with dire consequences to the already weak healthcare system of the affected countries.2 ,3 This outbreak has been the most devastating, recording more cases and deaths than all 33 previous outbreaks combined.2 There have been many publications about this Ebola outbreak, however, few have examined Ebola through the lens of African Scientists, and even fewer regarding the epidemiology of fear during the 2014 EVD outbreak.4–13 The aim of this commentary is to describe the importance of building a ‘Just in Time’ (JIT) scientific Ebola lecture for global circulation to reduce the epidemic of fear and uncertainty in global knowledge of EVD, and to describe how we in Africa viewed the Ebola outbreak by reviewing its occurrence, limited spread and containment in Nigeria.

The EVD outbreak is a reminder that we live in a shared world with shared vulnerability and risk of communicable disease transmission.14 Hence, the international transmission of the disease may be facilitated by ease of travel and it was feared that its spread might rapidly evolve into a pandemic not only in Africa but also worldwide.8 ,15 ,16 But this eventuality was curtailed because affected countries were required to strengthen their surveillance systems and enforce exit screening of all individuals at international ports (land, air and sea).17 Moreover, there is low probability of EVD transmission during air travel and the eventual diffusion of EVD to developed countries is minimal due to the better-organised health systems and resource availability.17 However, …

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