Article Text

PDF
The interactive effects of housing and neighbourhood quality on psychological well-being
  1. McKenzie L Jones-Rounds1,
  2. Gary W Evans2,
  3. Matthias Braubach3
  1. 1Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  2. 2Departments of Design and Environmental Analysis and of Human Development, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
  3. 3Living Environments and Health, WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn, Germany
  1. Correspondence to McKenzie L Jones-Rounds, Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA; mlj58{at}cornell.edu

Abstract

Background Many individuals are subject to the physically and mentally detrimental effects of living in substandard housing and inadequate neighbourhoods. We propose that better physical neighbourhood quality can partially offset some of the negative effects of poor housing quality on psychological well-being.

Methods Interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data in a cross-sectional study of housing quality, the state of the surrounding environment, and individual health and well-being for 5605 European adults from the Large Analysis and Review of European housing and health Status conducted by WHO in eight European cities. Multilevel random coefficient modelling was used to statistically analyse the main and interactive effects of housing quality and neighbourhood quality on psychological well-being. Socioeconomic status, employment status, gender and marital status were included as statistical controls.

Results and conclusions Substandard housing quality and poor neighbourhood quality each contribute to lower psychological well-being. Furthermore better neighbourhood quality buffers against the negative effects of poor housing quality on psychological well-being. These results fill a gap in research concerning the ability of neighbourhood quality to amplify or attenuate housing quality impacts on well-being.

  • HOUSING
  • MENTAL HEALTH
  • SOCIAL INEQUALITIES

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.