Is informal caregiving independently associated with poor health? A population-based study
- 1Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
- 2Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
- 3Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
- 4Nursing & Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
- Correspondence to Lynn Legg, Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, University of Glasgow, 3rd Floor, University Block, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK;
Contributors All authors contributed to the study design and took part in the interpretation of the findings and contributed to the final manuscript. LL designed the study, performed the data cleaning checking and coding, performed the analysis for the study, conceived the idea for this paper, and wrote the first and final draft. CW contributed to the design of the study, the decisions on strategy for analysis, supervised and checked the analysis and amendment of final manuscript. PL and DJS contributed to the design of the study, amendment of the manuscript and suggestions for the data analysis. LL is the guarantor for the study.
- Accepted 20 July 2012
- Published Online First 8 August 2012
Background Providing informal care has been linked with poor health but has not previously been studied across a whole population. We aimed to study the association between informal care provision and self-reported poor health.
Method We used data from the UK 2001 Census. The relationship between informal caregiving and poor health was modelled using logistic regression, adjusting for age, sex, marital status, ethnicity, economic activity and educational attainment.
Results We included 44 465 833 individuals free from permanent sickness or disability. 5 451 902 (12.3%) participants reported providing informal care to another person. There was an association between provision of informal caregiving and self-reported poor health; OR 1.100, 95% CI 1.096 to 1.103. This association remained after adjustment for age, sex, ethnic group, marital status, economic activity and educational attainment. The association also increased with the amount of care provided (hours per week).
Conclusions Around one in eight of the UK population reports that he or she is an informal caregiver. This activity is associated with poor health, particularly in those providing over 20 h care per week.
PSI Licence: C200900034.
Funding This work was supported by Chief Scientist Office Scotland.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.