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Prevalence of emotional and behavioural disorders in German children and adolescents: a meta-analysis
  1. Claus Barkmann,
  2. Michael Schulte-Markwort
  1. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychosomatics, Center of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Paediatrics, University Hospital Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Professor Dr Claus Barkmann, Center of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Paediatrics, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychosomatics, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany; barkmann{at}uke.de

Abstract

Background This meta-analysis aimed to determine the overall prevalence of emotional and behavioural disorders among children and adolescents in Germany, the dependence of prevalence estimates upon the methods employed and potential secular trends.

Methods Primary studies were subjected to meta-analytical analyses using a random effects model. Mean estimates of primary study effects were averaged using the precision-weighted method and were subsequently subjected to sensitivity analyses using hierarchical regression and (co-)variance analyses.

Results The precision-weighted average primary study prevalence for the 33 studies included was M=17.6%. The effect size primarily depended on the case definition employed, with studies applying questionnaire criteria showing, on average, lower primary study effects. Moreover, a negative relationship was found between study validity and primary study effect.

Conclusion Half a century of research efforts indicate that approximately every sixth child shows signs of emotional or behavioural disorders, and conclusions regarding period effects are not robust.

  • Child health
  • childhood and adolescence
  • emotional and behavioural disorders
  • epidemiology
  • meta-analysis
  • prevalence

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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