Introduction In Bogor District, Indonesia diarrhoea is still a very serious public health problem frequently occurring in outbreaks. In 2009 there were eight outbreaks of diarrhoea, one in the working area of Lebakwangi Public Health Center, Cigudeg Sub District, affecting 258 patients with a case-fatality rate of 0.78%. The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with diarrhoea in the working area of Lebakwangi Public Health Center.
Methods A case-control study was carried out. This study examined 130 cases who were patients with diarrhoea in Lebabkwangi Public Health Center territory in August 2009 and 130 controls who were persons without diarrhoea from the same population. Data were collected by direct interviews using a structured questionnaire which included questions on sociodemographic, behavioural and environmental variables. Data were analysed using Stata.
Results In multi-variate analyses three factors were associated with experiencing diarrhoea: washing eating equipment without soap (OR 3.41 (95% CI 2.00 to 5.80)), family latrine availability (OR 2.66 (1.43 to 4.95)) and lack of availability of clean water sources (OR 1.83 (1.03 to 3.26)).
Conclusions Diarrhoeal illness was associated with washing eating equipment without soap, availability of family latrine and lack of availability of clean water source, with the strongest association between diarrhoeal illness and washing eating equipment with soap.
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