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SP6-54 Suggestive behaviours of eating disorders in undergraduate female students: prevalence and associated factors
  1. V Magalhães1,
  2. C Meneses1,2,
  3. G Mendonça1,2
  1. 1Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  2. 2Centro Universitário Celso Lisboa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Abstract

Eating disorders are behavioural syndromes which diagnoses criteria have been widely studied during the last decades. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and partial syndromes stand out. Metabolic and electrolyte abnormalities and endocrine alterations can be present. Early diagnosis and an adequate management of these complications are important to reduce the risks associated. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of suggestive behaviours of eating disorders and associated factors, in undergraduate female students from a public university in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004. The sample consisted of 512 students who answered a self-reported questionnaire based on the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE), used to investigate behaviours suggestive of disorders. It also included the General Health Questionnaire and questions about body image perception, leisure-time physical activity and nutritional evaluation. Ratios prevalences were estimated through Poisson regression. The mean age was 21.5 years old. Prevalences of 16.99% have been detected in the EAT-26, 25.00% in the BITE, and 33.40% in the joint analysis of both instruments. There was significant association between behaviour suggestive of eating disorders and attending a course in the field of Education and Humanities (PR 1.41; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.89), age between 17 and 20 years (PR 1.78; 95% CI 1.01 to 3.14), and between 20 and 30 years old (PR 1.75; 95% CI 1.01 to 3.04), self-perception of being overweight (PR 1.84; 95% CI 1.39 to 2.42), and presence of common mental disorder (PR 1.42; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.83). These results showed that educational actions for control and prevention of eating behaviour suggestive of disorders among undergraduate female must be fostered.

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