Breastfeeding has innumerable advantages on the child, its family and society. Although the governmental efforts, of the professionals of health and the society in the direction to promote, to protect and to support this practical, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding until 6th life month remains less than ideal. The objective of this study is to determine the correlation of exclusive and non-exclusive breastfeeding with some basic health indicators, supplying data that they may be able to help for the development of interventions that include breast-feeding overall its conjuncture. An ecological study has been carried through using secondary data from DATASUS will be, from the period of 1999 to 2000's. The correlation has been esteemed through Pearson's coefficient. Is was observed a statistically significant correlation to variables related to marital status, education, coverage of prenatal, delivery characteristics and infant mortality rate after neonatal and proportional for IPD. It is observed therefore that the actions, especially in prenatal and multiple-patient room, must be prioritised in these groups which showed an inverse correlation.